Longest Road, Rail And River Network
Uttar Pradesh is located in the northern part of India. It is the most populated state in the country. Lucknow is the capital city of UP. Other major cities in the state are Kanpur (the industrial and commercial capital), Noida, Agra, Meerut, Varanasi, and Allahbad.
Uttar Pradesh is the fourth largest state in India and has the largest population. The state's population of 200 mn is equivalent to the population of Brazil.
Uttar Pradesh has very fertile land and its economy is largely driven by agriculture. The key industries in the state include food processing, information technology (IT), tourism, mineral-based industries, auto components, textiles, handlooms and handicrafts, biotechnology, leather-based and sports goods industries. The state has an oil refinery in Mathura, operated by Indian Oil Corporation. High livestock population in the state makes it one of the leading producers of leather products.
Uttar Pradesh is India’s largest milk-producer, second largest producer of hydel power and third largest producer of thermal power. It has a total installed power capacity of over 25,000 MW. The state is also a leader in the production of multiple food and horticulture crops such as wheat, sugarcane, potato and mango, among others. Noida-Greater Noida region in the state is home to eight operational IT SEZs. The state saw over 143,000 MSMEs and heavy industrial units set-up their base during the 12th five-year plan. The state has the highest number of cities identified under the Smart Cities Mission of the Indian central government.